Reinterpretation of the Traditional Philosophy of Adat Basandi Syarak-Syarak Basandi Kitabullah in Programs and Activities Regional Government in West Sumatra

  • Krismena Tovalini Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Administrasi Adabiah
  • Yulia Hanoselina Universitas Negeri Padang
Keywords: Reinterpretation, Program, Development, Values, ABS-SBK Philosophy, Minangkabau


This article elaborates on how the community, government, traditional leaders, and religious leaders interpret the ABS-SBK philosophy when implemented in local government practice. In addition, this article also explains the need for reinterpretation of the ABS-SBK value. It explains its relationship to implementing local government programs and activities in the APBD. This article is based on qualitative research conducted in two regions, namely Padang City and Limapuluh Kota Regency. This study interviewed several informants whose backgrounds were traditional leaders, religious leaders, bureaucrats, and informal leaders in the community. This article finds that the community and traditional leaders pay little attention to that this government program must refer to the ABS-SBK philosophy. The community and traditional leaders pay attention to traditional issues in the Nagari, especially regarding the problems of Sako and Pusako. This article emphasizes the need to reinterpret the ABS-SBK philosophy, especially from meaning, value, and institutionalization.


Abidin, M. (2016). Tiga Sepilin: Surau Solusi Untuk Bangsa. GRE Publishing.

Amran, R. (1981). Sumatra Barat hingga Plakat Panjang. Sinar Harapan.

Asril, A., & Yoserizal, Y. (2019). Good Governance or Local Wisdom? Dilemma in Modern Government Practices in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Sciences, Humanities, Economics and Law.

Asrinaldi. (2017). Demokrasi Lokal di Indonesia: Otonomi, Nagari dan Sosial Budaya di Sumatera Barat. Erka Publishing.

Bock, B.B and Shortall, S. (2017). Gender and Rural Globalization: International Respectives on Gender and Rural Development. CABI.

Chen, X., & Ren, Y. (2016). Modernity and Globalization: The Local and Global Sources of Individualistic and Materialistic Values in Shanghai. Globalizations, 13(1), 16–31.

Dt. Sanggoeno Diradjo, I. (2018). Tambo Alam Minangkabau: Tatanan Adat Warisan Nenek Moyang Orang Minang. Kristal Multimedia.

Ellerman, D. (2006). Helping People Help Themselves: From the World Bank to an Alternative Philosophy of Development Assitance. The Universty of Michigan Press.

Hakimy, I. (2001). Pokok-pokok Pengertian Adat Alam Minangkabau (8th ed.). Rosdakarya.

Hood, J. N., & Koberg, C. S. (1994). Patterns of Differential Assimilation and Acculturation for Women in Business Organizations. Human Relations, 47(2), 159–181.

Inglehart, R. & Baker, W. . (2000). Modernization, Cultural Change, and the Persistence of Traditional Values. American Sociological Review, 65(1), 19–51.

Kahin, A. (2005). Dari Pemberontakan ke Integrasi Sumatera Barat dan Politik Indonesia 1926-1998. Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Leonard, L. (2019). Traditional leadership, community participation and mining development in South Africa: The case of Fuleni, Saint Lucia, KwaZulu-Natal. Land Use Policy, 86, 290–298.

Manan, I. (1995). Birokrasi Modern dan Otoritas Tradisional di Minangkabau: Nagari dan Desa di Minangkabau. YPKM.

Molden, O., Abrams, J., Davis, E. J., & Moseley, C. (2017). Beyond localism: The micropolitics of local legitimacy in a community-based organization. Journal of Rural Studies, 50, 60–69.

Shaozheva, N.A & Thagazitov, Y. . (2018). Traditional Values In The Context Of The Transformation Of Public Consciousness In Globalization (Russian-Russian Context). Espacios, 39(47), 6P.

Weber, M. (2002). The Protestant Ethic and the “Spirit” of Capitalism and Other Writings. Translated by Peter Baehr and Gordon C. Penguin.

Yoserizal, A. &. (2020). Problem with implementation of Adat Basandi Syarak, Syarak Basandi Kitabullah Philosophy. Jurnal Masyarakat, Kebudayaan, Dan Politik, 33(2), 162-173–69.

Zhuang, X., Yao, Y., & Li, J. (Justin). (2019). Sociocultural Impacts of Tourism on Residents of World Cultural Heritage Sites in China. Sustainability, 11(3), 840.